Tuesday, May 3, 2005

Approximately 9,000 Romanian miners will be made redundant in 2006, slightly more than the 7,000 which are expected to be laid off this year. This comes as part of a government program for 2005-2008 which seeks to maximise efficiency in Romania’s mining industry, as well as reduce the number of mines and quarries in the country, while progressively bringing down the number of workers in this industry. As agreed with the European Union as part of accession negotiations, Romania must cease to provide major state aid to mining companies after 2007, when the country will become a member of the EU. Until then, it must gradually reduce subsidies to state-owned mining companies, in order to comply with European Union competition law.

Romania’s mining industry currently employs 47,000 people, quite significantly less than the 175,000 it employed in 1997, before restructuring took place. A major reform in the industry took place between 1997-2000. This time around, from 2004 onwards, restructuring is expected to be more gradual. Out of the workers who have been laid off from 1997 onwards, around 100,000 have accepted voluntary redundancy, while 8,000 have retired and 12,000 have found other jobs in the private sector. By 2010, the government expects that more than 340 mining units will be closed throughout the country.

Retrieved from “https://en.wikinews.org/w/index.php?title=Nine_thousand_Romanian_miners_to_be_laid_off_in_2006&oldid=1113879”

Thursday, June 23, 2011

NASA’s Cassini–Huygens spacecraft has discovered evidence for a large-scale saltwater reservoir beneath the icy crust of Saturn’s moon Enceladus. The data came from the spacecraft’s direct analysis of salt-rich ice grains close to the jets ejected from the moon. The study has been published in this week’s edition of the journal Nature.

Data from Cassini’s cosmic dust analyzer show the grains expelled from fissures, known as tiger stripes, are relatively small and usually low in salt far away from the moon. Closer to the moon’s surface, Cassini found that relatively large grains rich with sodium and potassium dominate the plumes. The salt-rich particles have an “ocean-like” composition and indicate that most, if not all, of the expelled ice and water vapor comes from the evaporation of liquid salt-water. When water freezes, the salt is squeezed out, leaving pure water ice behind.

Cassini’s ultraviolet imaging spectrograph also recently obtained complementary results that support the presence of a subsurface ocean. A team of Cassini researchers led by Candice Hansen of the Planetary Science Institute in Tucson, Arizona, measured gas shooting out of distinct jets originating in the moon’s south polar region at five to eight times the speed of sound, several times faster than previously measured. These observations of distinct jets, from a 2010 flyby, are consistent with results showing a difference in composition of ice grains close to the moon’s surface and those that made it out to the E ring, the outermost ring that gets its material primarily from Enceladean jets. If the plumes emanated from ice, they should have very little salt in them.

“There currently is no plausible way to produce a steady outflow of salt-rich grains from solid ice across all the tiger stripes other than salt water under Enceladus’s icy surface,” said Frank Postberg, a Cassini team scientist at the University of Heidelberg in Germany.

The data suggests a layer of water between the moon’s rocky core and its icy mantle, possibly as deep as about 50 miles (80 kilometers) beneath the surface. As this water washes against the rocks, it dissolves salt compounds and rises through fractures in the overlying ice to form reserves nearer the surface. If the outermost layer cracks open, the decrease in pressure from these reserves to space causes a plume to shoot out. Roughly 400 pounds (200 kilograms) of water vapor is lost every second in the plumes, with smaller amounts being lost as ice grains. The team calculates the water reserves must have large evaporating surfaces, or they would freeze easily and stop the plumes.

“We imagine that between the ice and the ice core there is an ocean of depth and this is somehow connected to the surface reservoir,” added Postberg.

The Cassini mission discovered Enceladus’ water-vapor and ice jets in 2005. In 2009, scientists working with the cosmic dust analyzer examined some sodium salts found in ice grains of Saturn’s E ring but the link to subsurface salt water was not definitive. The new paper analyzes three Enceladus flybys in 2008 and 2009 with the same instrument, focusing on the composition of freshly ejected plume grains. In 2008, Cassini discovered a high “density of volatile gases, water vapor, carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide, as well as organic materials, some 20 times denser than expected” in geysers erupting from the moon. The icy particles hit the detector target at speeds between 15,000 and 39,000 MPH (23,000 and 63,000 KPH), vaporizing instantly. Electrical fields inside the cosmic dust analyzer separated the various constituents of the impact cloud.

“Enceladus has got warmth, water and organic chemicals, some of the essential building blocks needed for life,” said Dennis Matson in 2008, Cassini project scientist at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California.

“This finding is a crucial new piece of evidence showing that environmental conditions favorable to the emergence of life can be sustained on icy bodies orbiting gas giant planets,” said Nicolas Altobelli, the European Space Agency’s project scientist for Cassini.

“If there is water in such an unexpected place, it leaves possibility for the rest of the universe,” said Postberg.

Retrieved from “https://en.wikinews.org/w/index.php?title=Saturn_moon_Enceladus_may_have_salty_ocean&oldid=4453704”

Wednesday, January 28, 2009

Marvin Schur, a 93-year-old man from Bay City, Michigan has died after the electric company limited his electric use due to his failure to pay over US$1,000 in past-due payments.

Bay City Electric Light & Power installed a power-limiting device on his home on January 13. The device would limit the amount of power the resident uses and would essentially shut it off if that limit is reached, or if the resident fails to pay the outstanding bill within 10 days of installation. In order for the electricity to be turned back on, the limiter must be reset by pushing a button.

Bay City power says that a warning, indicating that the power was to be turned off and a limiter installed, had been placed on Schur’s front door. Despite that, the company says that they are now “looking at our website and possibly doing an automated phone message. We obviously need to get the word out.”

The autopsy performed on Schur’s body concluded that he had died “a slow, painful death” caused by hypothermia. Dr. Kanu Virani, who performed the autopsy, explained: “Hypothermia shuts the whole system down, slowly. It’s not easy to die from hypothermia without first realizing your fingers and toes feel like they’re burning.”

It was less than 32 degrees Fahrenheit (0 Centigrade) in Schur’s home when neighbors found Schur dead on January 17. Virani commented that it was his first time performing an autopsy on a body in which “the person froze to death indoors.”

“His furnace was not running – the insides of his windows were full of ice the morning we found him,” said George A. Pauwels Jr., who was with his wife when they found Schur’s body.

In Michigan it is illegal for a utility company to disconnect power to any home between November 1 and March 31 when a resident is over the age of 65. Limiters are also not supposed to be used during that time frame. However, municipally-owned electric utilities like the one in Bay City, are not regulated by the state. The Michigan state attorney general’s office has launched an investigation into the incident.

Residents around Schur’s home say he was hard of hearing, and the city states that the device’s function and operation were never explained to him. When word of the story got around, people from all over the United States began to call the city in anger.

“I’ve taken calls from Canada, Massachusetts, Texas, New York, Alabama – and that’s just the ones I can think of off the top of my head,” said Melody Roth of the city’s administrative office, who also added that people from all over are “calling all city departments, not just our office.”

Schur has no known children, and his wife had died several years prior to the incident.

Retrieved from “https://en.wikinews.org/w/index.php?title=93-year-old_Michigan_man_freezes_to_death_after_electric_company_limits_his_power_usage&oldid=4518968”

Submitted by: Karen Hill

The key to a healthy life begins with nutrition. A balanced diet along with consistent exercise will keep your body in shape and your system balanced. A well balanced diet is necessary to attain the nutrients, supplements and vitamins that your immune system and cardiovascular system need in order to correctly function. The intake of these supplements and nutrients will aid in digestion as well, which works to rid the body of the build up of toxins.

When your parents told you to eat your veggies when you were younger they were not far off the mark. In fact, professionals state that a person should have as many as nine servings of fruits and vegetables a day. An average serving size is a cup which in essence is only a small snack. But these servings will help to increase your energy levels due in part to the natural sugars and fibers that your body is receiving from them. If you do not have time for a healthy snack, try eating a salad for lunch. One large salad will equal out to 2-4 of those needed servings and if you eat an apple for breakfast you will be set for the day. These small servings can also help to prevent common colds, the flu and even heart diseases because they strengthen the immune system and help to keep your arteries clear.

Pair this with consistent exercise and you can keep your body at optimum performance. Also, be sure to keep up to date on your doctor visits. Prevention is worth a pound of cure as they say. Your doctor will be able to give you a better picture on where you are at health wise. He/she will also be able to instruct you in any needed changes that you should put in place in order to remain as healthy as possible.

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Health and nutrition work hand in hand, one being the result of the other. It is simple to achieve as long as you take the time to live right and by this it is meant to eat right, exercise often and dont be afraid to ask questions of your healthcare provider. It is your body and your like therefore you hold the reigns and it is your responsibility to keep yourself well cared for. It takes very little to achieve results that will last you for a lifetime, a very long lifetime.

As everyone knows there is no single food that can contribute all the vital nutrients essential for the body. We got to take a variety of food that can offer complete nutrients. Foods are therefore grouped as fruits, vegetables, cereals and pulses, diary as well meat products. Depending on ones age and activity level these food items needs to be served accordingly. Ensure to include a variety of food in your daily food routine. Wrong eating habits quickly results in accumulation of toxins in the body resulting in disease. Most of the medicines available today are for the treatment of symptoms of disease.

About the Author: Karen Hill writing about

health and nutrition

. Know about the importance of balanced diet and excercise and keeps you healthy and balanced.


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Sunday, March 15, 2009

200,000 litres of oil leaked into waters off the coast of Brisbane from the Pacific Adventurer when their fuel tanks were damaged in rough seas on Wednesday. The figure is about ten times higher than the original estimate of twenty thousand litres of oil. The devastating diesel oil spill has spread along 60 kilometres (37 miles) of the Queensland coast. In addition, 31 containers with 620 tonnes of ammonium nitrate fertiliser flew overboard during the violent storm.

Questions are being asked why the Hong Kong cargo ship was out in seas with nine meter waves caused by Cyclone Hamish, a Category 5 tropical cyclone, as well as why the fertiliser containers were not properly secured. One of the overboard containers ruptured the hull of the Pacific Adventurer, causing between 30 to 100 tonnes of oil to spew from the severely damaged ship.

If the ammonium nitrate mixes with the heavy oil, an explosion could occur. None of the containers have been recovered. Some of these may float, but it is believed that they may have sunk which then may cause algal blooms.

Disaster zones have been declared at Bribie and Moreton Islands, and along the Sunshine coast.

The vessel’s owner, Swire Shipping, reported that a second leak began on Friday, when the ship began listing after docking at Hamilton for repairs. “As full soundings of the vessel’s tanks were being taken at the port to determine how much oil had leaked from the vessel, a small quantity of fuel oil escaped from the Pacific Adventurer,” it stated. The ship was brought upright, and a recovery vessel was used to suck up the oil from the water. The leak produced a 500m-long oil slick down the Brisbane River. Booms were placed around this oil spill so that a skimmer could clean up the second spill.

Swire Shipping could face clean up costs of AU$100,000 a day as well as fines up to AU$1.5million (US$977,000; £703,000) if found guilty of environmental breaches or negligence.

Sunshine Coast beaches are slowly starting to be reopened. The beach of Mooloolaba was still closed following reports of burning sensations from swimmers. 12 beaches remain closed; however, 13 have been reopened.

Over 300 state government and council workers are using buckets, rakes and spades in the clean up effort. Sunshine Coast Mayor Bob Abbott says the majority will be gone by Sunday afternoon. The full environmental impact on wildlife is not yet known. One turtle and seven pelicans have been found covered in oil.

There are concerns that the drinking water of Moreton Island is at risk, as the island uses water from the underground water table near the oil spill site.

“Every bucketload of contaminated sand has to be removed from the island by barge, and each bucketload from a front-end loader weighs about one tonne. It’s just an impossible task,” said Mr Trevor Hassard of the Tangalooma Dolphin Education Centre.

The commercial fishing industry has suffered from the incident. Trawlers won’t resume operations until Sunday evening, and any catches will be tested for human consumption.

Retrieved from “https://en.wikinews.org/w/index.php?title=Oil_spill_hits_Australia%27s_Sunshine_coastline&oldid=3133877”

A compilation of brief news reports for Friday, August 14, 2009.

A body recovered by Indonesian police on August 8th is not that of Noordin Mohammed Top. The Indonesian authorities had been optimistic that Top, the mastermind behind the 2002 Bali bombings, had been killed on Saturday in a gun battle that concluded a 17 hour siege in the Temanggung district of Central Java.

DNA tests suggests that the body is that of a man identified only as Ibrahim, a florist who was the inside man in the attacks on luxury hotels in Jakarta this July.


  • Dicky Christanto and Mustaqim Adamrah. “Ibrohim played key role in Jakarta hotel bombings: Police” — The Jarkarta Post, August 13, 2009
  • “Bali bombing mastermind escaped deadly police siege” — Xinhua News Agency, August 12, 2009
  • Anne Tang. “DNA test shows JI leader Top still alive” — Xinhua News Agency, August 12, 2009

Attempts by President Barack Obama to reform the health care in the United States has been met with grassroots opposition. Critics fear that Obama’s reforms are an attempt to socialise health care. However, the President has dismissed such apprehension as an attempt to “scare and mislead” by vested interests hoping to derail the reforms.

Opposition adverts which feature the alleged failures and rationing of healthcare in the British National Health Service (NHS), have been rebutted by citizens, politicians and the media. Spurred on by American commentators that described that the NHS as “evil’ and Orwellian, with over a million responses to an on-line Twitter campaign, called welovetheNHS started in support of the NHS.


  • Patrick Foster. “Anti-healthcare lobbyists duped us, say Katie Brickell and Kate Spall” — The Times, August 14, 2009
  • Clare Ellicott. “‘I owe my life to the NHS’: Stephen Hawking tells US to stop attacking health service” — The Daily Mail, August 13, 2009
  • “Tough questions, frustrations continue in town halls” — CNN, August 13, 2009
  • Kerry Sheridan. “Obama aims to sooth concerns amid healthcare fury” — Agence France-Presse, August 13, 2009

Three British soldiers of have been killed by an explosion whilst on foot patrol near the town of Sangin in Helmand Province, Afghanistan.

The death of the soldiers — two from the 2nd Battalion The Rifles and one from 40 Regiment Royal Artillery — brings the number of British soldiers killed in Afghanistan since 2001 to 199.

“[These deaths] brings us very close to the sad milestone of 200 fatalities in this conflict. We cannot help but reflect on the toll the mission has taken…” said Bob Ainsworth, the British Secretary of State for Defence.


  • “Three UK soldiers die in Helmand” — BBC News Online, August 13, 2009
  • “Soldiers killed in Afghanistan to be named: report” — Agence France-Presse, August 13, 2009

Retrieved from “https://en.wikinews.org/w/index.php?title=Wikinews_Shorts:_August_14,_2009&oldid=4627106”

By Chris E Chamberlain

Stocks with higher dividends, for years, were considered safer investments. Similar to a company that pays higher salaries and gives higher raises over time. A shift occurred in the 1990s, though, as companies with extremely high growth prospects (but little, or no, earnings) came to dominate the landscape. Thats not to say these companies were completely without meritthe internet (and technology, in general) ushered in a new paradigm of truly transformational companies with spectacular growth prospects.

But making a bet on a companys future growth is exactly thata bet on future growth. While, dividends reflect the health of a companys growth right now.

Things are beginning to change. The wild capital appreciation in the 90s allowed investors to bet on tiny internet companies that were little more than ideasand make millions from huge run-ups in the stock when things hit big. Since 2000, however, the story has changed. Capital appreciation is no longer considered an entitlement by participants in the equity market and dividends have now become an increasing source of reliable returns. As John D. Rockefeller once said, Do you know the only thing that gives me pleasure? Its to see my dividends coming in.

Another important characteristic of dividend returns is their stable nature. A stocks dividend is the less volatile component of its total return and is much more predictable than price appreciation which is a function of a wide array of factors like speculation, market sentiment, macro-economic factors, etc.

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From 1989 to 2008, the volatility of the S&P BMI index was 13.96%, while the annual volatility of dividends was only 0.27%!

Of the stocks included in the S&P 500 Index, 256 began or increased their dividends in 2010, compared to only five that stopped or decreased their dividend, according to Standard and Poors. And 42 of those stocks had increased their dividends each year for the past 10 years.

In The Future for Investors, Jeremy Siegel advocates a long term dividend-reinvestment strategy based on research showing that dividend-paying stocks have outperformed non-dividend payers over time. The same can be said of todays dividend payers. The S&P 500 Dividend Aristocrats have outperformed the S&P 500 Index over the one-, three-, five-, 10-, 15-, and 20-year periods ended Dec. 31, 2010.

Now that weve established that dividend paying stocks are an integral part of building sustained wealth over time, the next step is to narrow our focus on which dividend paying stocks to invest in. Especially if were deciding to invest for the long-haul, its important to remind yourself that youre not just buying a stockyoure actually buying a fractional ownership in a company. And in return for this ownership interest you will be entitled to any cash earnings that management decides to pay out in the form of dividends. Remember, however, that not all dividends are created equal and several factors must be considered before committing your hard-earned cash. Approach this problem as if you were buying the entire companynot just making a few mouse clicks on Etrade.

So, what should you consider when choosing a dividend paying stock?

1. Initial yield what does the stock yield today? This is, after-all, the point of investing in dividend-paying stocksto get the dividend, so it should compare favorably to other dividend-paying instruments, namely bonds & bank CDs. The current environment happens to be extremely favorable for dividend investing but over the years this hasnt necessarily always been the case.

2. The reliability of the dividend this is an important point. Many people get seduced by a super-high dividend only to see the company cut it in order to save cash. A lot of companies did this in 2008 and in many cases, it was actually a prudent deployment of capital.

After all, if a company is facing bankruptcy or cutting its dividend in order to build up its balance sheet, the dividend should gobut thats little consolation if you were an investor counting on that dividend.

About the Author: http://www.DividendInvesting101.com is dedicated to finding the best investment opportunities among

high dividend paying stocks

. Systematically investing in the best dividend paying stocks is absolutely one of the best ways to build real wealth – as well as a powerful passive income stream.



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Wednesday, February 22, 2006

Almost 600 desperate family members and others remained camped outside the Pasta de Conchos coal mine near San Juan de Sabinas, in the northern Mexico state of Coahuila where 65 Mexican miners were trapped by a gas explosion around 2:30 a.m. (0830 GMT) Sunday. Some are threatening to storm the mine while soldiers are trying to keep them calm and rescuers continue to pick through the rock and debris with hand tools, fearing that any power equipment might set off another explosion.

The local newspaper’s headline caused panic by quoting one of over a dozen surviving miners who were close enough to the exits to escape: “They are surely dead,” (La Prensa de Monclova). However, Arturo Vilchis, Civil Protection Director, refused to speculate on the condition of the miners, while Javier de la Fuente, an engineering contractor with mine owner Grupo México S.A. de C.V. also tried to hold out some hope.

The men were each supposed to be carrying oxygen tanks, each with a six hour supply, and there’s some hope that they could reach other oxygen supply tanks, or that some air might be reaching them through the ventilation shafts into which rescuers have been pumping more oxygen since shortly after the explosion.

Juan Rebolledo, vice president of international affairs for Grupo México, assured onlookers that U.S. mining experts were on the way, and officials at the U.S. Mine Safety and Health Administration have confirmed that they’ve sent a specialized equipment truck and several mining experts which should arrive at the mine site on Wednesday afternoon.

Meanwhile Consuelo Aguilar, a spokeswoman for the National Miners’ Union, called for an investigation into Grupo México’s responsibility for the disaster. Pedro Camarillo, a federal labor official, said nothing unusual was found during a routine evaluation in early February.

Retrieved from “https://en.wikinews.org/w/index.php?title=Hope_fades_for_families_of_trapped_Mexican_miners&oldid=1113926”

Tuesday, January 26, 2010

Pakistan security forces attacked Taliban strongholds in northwest Pakistan yesterday. Aided by fighter jets and gunship helicopters they claim to have killed 21 Taliban militants in Kurram and Bajaur. The offensive targeted the remote town of Bajaur, along the Afghan border; this area has been frequently targeted to attack Islamic extremists.

Sources claim the first attack occurred in the Damdola, Sewai and Shago segments of Mamoond tehsil. The latter is a renowned Taliban stronghold located only about fifteen miles northeast of the town of Khar.

“Air strikes by the jet fighters continued for more than two hours. Ten militants have been killed and several hideouts were destroyed,” stated a Frontier Corps official in Khar.

Speaking for local authorities, Firamosh Khan confirmed the attack, “[i]t is true that several militants were killed.”

Bajaur was the location of anti-terrorist actions in late 2008; by February last year the army claimed to have secured the area. Despite this, conditions of the area have been tumultuous; air attacks are again frequent. Such attacks are part of an offensive against Taliban strongholds throughout northwest Pakistan, started last year.

The Pakistani government also sent approximately 30,000 troops, assisted by fighter planes, to fight Taliban extremists in South Waziristan in October. The army claims this attack has progressed, and they have attained some success.

Related to this, helicopter gunships shelled Salarzai, about twenty kilometers northwest of Khar. Pakistani security sources claimed this action resulted in the deaths of two militants.

In a separate incident, eleven suspected insurgents died when security forces, along with jets and helicopters, raided their hideouts. Official sources claimed four such hideouts were demolished.

In the past day, about 23 extremists have been captured by security forces. The arrests were made during search and raiding in multiple areas of Khyber Agency, say sources.

In a statement yesterday, NWFP Frontier Corps expressed hope that the situation at Kurram Agency had marginally improved. They added that the Thal-Parachinar Road is now partially open.

On Sunday, near Badama, explosives were detonated which injured two soldiers of the Pakistani army. One suspected militant was arrested by security in Bajaur Agency, on Saturday. Two other suspects were located in Dir district; they were handed over to Lal Qila police.

Retrieved from “https://en.wikinews.org/w/index.php?title=Pakistan_security_forces_airstrikes_kill_several_Taliban_militants&oldid=4495532”

Submitted by: Alex Cortes

As an aid to help you learn guitar chords as quickly as possible, I ve made this brief summary of the different kinds of 7th chords, their inversions and voicings, available on the guitar fretboard.

7th chords: M7, m7, 7, b5m7, dim

I ll take it for granted in this article that you already know the 5 basic 7th chord-types. I will use CM7 for all the following examples, just for the sake of simplicity.

Block Voicings

What Block Voicing means is to have all the notes that make up a chord as close as they can be, regardless of inversion.

Example in 1st inversion: C E G B

Example in 2nd inversion: E G B C

Example in 3rd inversion: G B E C

Example in 4th inversion: B C E G

Sadly, only a handful of Block Voicings are playable on guitar, so this is not really a usable resource. The reason is simple: If you try to play 1 3 5 7 on contiguous strings, you’ll have to stretch your fingers beyond what is comfortable.

Try it out by playing C on the 8th fret of the 6th string, E on the 7th fret of the 5th string, G on the 5th fret of the 4th string, and B on the 3rd fret of the 3rd string. Ouch.

Drop 2 Voicings

Drop 2 Voicings are the first playable 7th chords available on the guitar fretboard. What “Drop 2” means is that you take the second note of the chord, up from the lowest, and “drop” it all the way to the top (I know what you re thinking: but I didn t invent these names 😉

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Example in 1st inversion: C – G B E

Example in 2nd inversion: E – B C G

Example in 3rd inversion: G – C E B

Example in 4th inversion: B – E G C

The blank shows the position where the “dropped” note initially was. It does not mean to skip a string: on the contrary, Drop 2 Voicings are the closest thing we guitarists get to Block Voicing.

Try it out by playing C on the 8th fret of the 6th string, G on the 10th fret of the 5th string, B on the 9th fret of the 4th string, and E on the 9th fret of the 3rd string.

Drop 3 Voicings

Drop 3 Voicings are also playable on guitar. “Drop 3” means we drop the second voice up from the bottom, plus the third voice, up from the bottom. In this case, though, we do skip a string from the lowest note to the next up.

Example in 1st inversion: C – – B E G

Example in 2nd inversion: E – – C G B

Example in 3rd inversion: G – – E B C

Example in 4th inversion: B – – G C E

Try it out by playing C on the 8th fret of the 6th string, B on the 9th fret of the 4th string, E on the 9th fret of the 3rd string, and G on the 8th fret of the 2nd string.

Drop 4 Voicings

Sadly, most Drop 4 Voicings are unplayable on guitar, for the same reason that most Block Voicings are. As you can probably deduce from the previous examples, the Drop 4 Voicings of CM7 would look as follows:

Example in 1st inversion: C – – – E G B

Example in 2nd inversion: E – – – G B C

Example in 3rd inversion: G – – – B C E

Example in 4th inversion: B – – – C E G

Try it out by playing C on the 8th fret of the 6th string, E on the 9th fret of the 3rd string, G on the 8th fret of the 2nd string, and B on the 7th fret of the 1st string. Good luck with that! Unless you have 6 fingers, I don’t see how you could make this work in practice.

Learn Guitar Chords: 100 fingerings

So, we have only 2 basic ways of fingering 7th chords on the fretboard: Drop 2 Voicings, and Drop 3 Voicings. Each is available on a different number of string combinations, as follows:

Drop 2 Voicings

Strings 6, 5, 4 , 3

Strings 5, 4 , 3, 2

Strings 4, 3 , 2, 1

Drop 3 Voicings

Strings 6, 4, 3, 2

Strings 5, 3, 2, 1

That s it. So if you do the math, there are 12 kinds of Drop 2 Voicings and 8 kinds of Drop 3 Voicings. 20 in all. Multiply that by 5 (the number of 7th chord-types) and you get 100 basic fingerings to learn…

Learn Guitar Chords in 33 days

If you learn 3 out these 100 voicings every day, in only 33 days you will have learned 99. Learn one more on day 44, and you’re done!!! Given that the fretboard follows a certain logic, and that these chords and voicings are also inter-related, it should be a cinch to learn guitar chords in just over a month.

Note on the range of the guita

To sound good, it isn’t enough to just learn guitar chords: not all 7th chords available on the guitar fretboard sound great. If you play a Drop 2 m7 chord on the low G on the sixth string, it is likely to sound muddy . Try and think the way keyboard players think, distributing their chords is such a way that they sound better. The simple rule of thumb is to try to avoid Drop 2 Voicings on the low side, as they tend to sound much better in the higher string combinations. If you have to go that low, use Drop 3 Voicings instead. Please don’t just learn guitar chords and leave it at that. Learn guitar chords, but more importantly, learn how to use them!

About the Author: Alex Cortes, highly accomplished guitar player, helps you learn guitar chords:


Learn all there is to know about guitar theory by visiting




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